Archive for Women’s Health

HPV Vaccine

The vaccine, Gardasil®, protects against four types of HPV (human papillomavirus) which cause 70% of cervical cancers. The vaccine is licensed for use in girls/women ages 9-26 by the FDA. The vaccine is given in a series of three shots over a six month period. The vaccine works best when given to girls before they become sexually active as they will not have had any exposure to the HPV virus. This is why this vaccine is given to girls at such a young age. The retail price for the vaccine is $120 or $360 for all three of the shots. Approximately 50% of sexually active people will get HPV at some time in their lives.

Resources:

CDC
http://www.cdc.gov

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Ideal Waist Measurements

What are the “perfect” measurements? What is the human average waist size? Is my belly healthy? We have all heard that a woman is sexy when she is 36-24-36. This may not always be the case. Your body’s measurements should be viewed as ratios. Every person has a unique starter build (bone structure). From that we can build into our own version of what we perceive as healthy bodies.

For most of us it will be how large our waist is. There is no accurate answer for the “average” waist size. A person who is 6’2″ could have the same waist measurement as a person who is 5’4″, but be far thinner. What you need to measure is your waist hip ratio.

Waist Hip Ratio is calculated by dividing your waist measurement by your hip measurement. (Hips are the widest part of your butt).

Ideally, women should have a waist-to-hip ratio of 0.8 or less.

Ideally, men should have a waist-to-hip ratio of 0.95 or less.

From a non measurement stand point, if your waist is smaller then your hips, you have a healthy waist line.

Let’s look at our 36-24-36 woman. Her waist to hip ratio is:

 24/36=.6666.   

She is well below the .8

Some factors to consider, if you have very large hips, the test is still useful for determining your heart health. Having an apple shape (carrying extra weight around the stomach) is riskier for your health than having a pear shape (carrying extra weight around your hips or thighs). This is because body shape and health risk are linked. If you have more weight around your waist you have a greater risk of lifestyle related diseases such as heart disease and diabetes than those with weight around their hips.

Monitoring your body shape is a very important factor in a healthy lifestyle.

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Miscarraige Risks

15 to 50% of pregnancies end in miscarraige according to CNN Health, but there’s a lot of hope for those who are able to identify the risks early on.

  • When planning a pregnancy, schedule an appointment with a doctor to discuss any potential risk factors. Such factors could include high blood pressure, diabetes, fibroids, polycstic ovary syndrome, thyroid abnormalities, among others, but the good news is that most of these risks are treatable.
  • Discuss your medical record with your doctor including medications or supplements you are taking.
  • Lower your stress levels. According to research studies, lowered stress levels can reduce the chance of miscarraige up to 50%.
  • If you have experienced a miscarraige, conduct a chromosome analysis of fetal tissue. Such an analysis will help you identify potential problems.

Read more at CNN Health.

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