Archive for August, 2007

Tackling Obesity

Perennial Pro-Bowl attendee and future NFL hall of famer, Derrick Brooks, spent yesterday afternoon not playing football, but presiding over the inaugural meeting of Floirda Governor Charlie Crist’s Council on Physical Fitness. The council, formed by Gov. Christ in March, is aimed at reducing obesity in children and the elderly within 10 years.

According to the Center for Disease Control, over 60% of America’s youth are obese and have at least one risk factor for cardiovascular disease such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol, and approximately 25% have two or more risk factors.

As council chairman, Brooks headlines a noted group of athletes that includes Rocco Baldelli, outfielder for the Tampa Bay Devil Rays; Jennifer Capriati, former Olympian and women’s professional tennis standout; Nancy Hogshead-Makar, three-time Olympic gold medalist swimmer; Ken Griffey Jr., outfielder for the Cincinnati Reds; Shaquille O’Neal, center for the Miami Heat and four-time world champion; and Corey Simon, former NFL defensive tackle.

 For more information on the Governor’s Council on Physical Fitness, visit: HealthyFloridians.com.

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Soccer in the Streets

Soccer in the Streets is a non-profit organization with nearly 30 program sites that reach over 4,000 children. The purpose of the organization is to teach less advantaged children to set goals and to make positive choices.

Resources

Become a Volunteer
Bring Soccer in the Streets to Your City
Become a Corporate Sponsor

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HPV Vaccine

The vaccine, Gardasil®, protects against four types of HPV (human papillomavirus) which cause 70% of cervical cancers. The vaccine is licensed for use in girls/women ages 9-26 by the FDA. The vaccine is given in a series of three shots over a six month period. The vaccine works best when given to girls before they become sexually active as they will not have had any exposure to the HPV virus. This is why this vaccine is given to girls at such a young age. The retail price for the vaccine is $120 or $360 for all three of the shots. Approximately 50% of sexually active people will get HPV at some time in their lives.

Resources:

CDC
http://www.cdc.gov

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Ideal Waist Measurements

What are the “perfect” measurements? What is the human average waist size? Is my belly healthy? We have all heard that a woman is sexy when she is 36-24-36. This may not always be the case. Your body’s measurements should be viewed as ratios. Every person has a unique starter build (bone structure). From that we can build into our own version of what we perceive as healthy bodies.

For most of us it will be how large our waist is. There is no accurate answer for the “average” waist size. A person who is 6’2″ could have the same waist measurement as a person who is 5’4″, but be far thinner. What you need to measure is your waist hip ratio.

Waist Hip Ratio is calculated by dividing your waist measurement by your hip measurement. (Hips are the widest part of your butt).

Ideally, women should have a waist-to-hip ratio of 0.8 or less.

Ideally, men should have a waist-to-hip ratio of 0.95 or less.

From a non measurement stand point, if your waist is smaller then your hips, you have a healthy waist line.

Let’s look at our 36-24-36 woman. Her waist to hip ratio is:

 24/36=.6666.   

She is well below the .8

Some factors to consider, if you have very large hips, the test is still useful for determining your heart health. Having an apple shape (carrying extra weight around the stomach) is riskier for your health than having a pear shape (carrying extra weight around your hips or thighs). This is because body shape and health risk are linked. If you have more weight around your waist you have a greater risk of lifestyle related diseases such as heart disease and diabetes than those with weight around their hips.

Monitoring your body shape is a very important factor in a healthy lifestyle.

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Calculating Weight Loss/Gain

The only assured way of losing weight, in a healthy manor, is to control your calorie consumption. I have compiled a chart to show you some great activities for losing weight and how many calories per minute you burn while performing these activities.

About 3,500 calories adds up to about 1 pound of fat. This applies whether they are food calories coming in, or calories (burned by exercise) going out. If you eat 3,500 calories more than your body needs, you will put on about 1 pound. If you use up 3,500 calories more than you eat, you will lose about 1 pound in weight.

How to use this chart:

1. Pick your activity of choice (for the example I will use volleyball)

2. Find the Calories per minute under your weight, (I will use 200lbs so 11.6CPM)

3. Now take 1 pound of calories (3500) and divide by your CPM (3500/11.6=302)

4. You will have to exercise for 302 minutes to burn one pound (or 5 hours)

Many factors affect this. How hard you play will increase your CPM. 3500 is just the average number of calories to burn one pound, your body may need more or less.

Exercise will also increase your muscle mass and you may have a net loss/gain of 0 lbs, but be thinner as muscle is 4 times denser then fat.

When you plan your routine, a chart like this will help you decided what activities you must do to meet your goal. Some of the more strenuous activities require less time to burn the same number of calories.

Calories per minute of exercise (CPM)

Weight (lbs) 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200

Basketball full court 9.8 11.2 13.2 14.5
Bicycling -Stationary 10 mph

5.5

6.3 7.8 8.3
Bicycling -Stationary 20 mph 11.7 13.3 15.6 17.8
Bicycling – 10 mph 5.5 6.3 7.8 14.5
Dancing – Rock & Roll 3.3 3.8 4.4 4.9
Jogging – 5 mph 8.6 9.2 11.5 12.7
Running – 8 mph 10.4 11.9 14.2 17.3
Sex – active 3.9 4.3 5.6 5.9
Skating – fast 8.1 9.3 10.9 12
Skiing – down hill 7.8 10.4 12.3 13.3
Skiing – cross country 13.1 15 17.8 19.4
Snow shoveling – light 7.9 9.1 10.8 12.5
Snow shoveling – heavy 13.8 15.7 18.5 20.5
Swimming – 20 yds. a min. 3.9 4.5 5.3 6.8
Swimming – 60 yds. a min. 11 12.5 14.8 17.9
Volleyball 7.8 8.9 10.5 11.6
Walking 4 mph 4.5 5.2 6.1 6.8

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What makes young people happy?

According to CNN, it’s not the keys to the car that makes young people happy, it’s spending time with their family. An extensive survey conducted by The Associated press asked 1,280 people from 13-24 what made them happy and this answer ranked number one. The number two and three answers? Spending time with friends, and spending time with a significant other.

Read more about the survey.

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Teeth Whitening

Is teeth whitening safe?

According to most research studies, teeth whitening has proven to be both safe and effective. Gels that contain 10% of carbamide peroxide (or 3.6% of hydrogen peroxide) are considered safe as they have not been shown to cause damage to tooth enamel. While dentists may sometimes provide gels with higher conentrations, the formulas that they recommend also contain fluoride which helps offset this potential side effect.

Over-the counter whitening

If you can’t afford cosmetic dentistry, over-the counter whitening may be an option for you. This option is to be used in conjunction with visits to the dentist, however, because it is not a replacement for getting your teeth professionally cleaned.

We recommend the following product for over-the-counter whitening:

whitestrips.jpg
Crest Whitestrips

According to most customer reviews of this product, Crest Whitestrips did follow through with the promise to ‘whiten teeth within two weeks’; some people did not enjoy the process but they do enjoy its rewards.

Why do teeth darken?

According to the American Dental Association, there are a few reasons why teeth darken. These reasons include medications, smoking, and certain foods such as coffee and tea.  In addition, as you age, the outer enamel gets worn away revealing the darker tooth beneath. According to the American Dental Hygienists’ Association, 96% of patients experienced some lightening effect as a result of teeth whitening if their teeth had been stained by coffee, tea, or tobacco.

Are there any side effects of teeth whitening? 

In some cases patients have reported short-term side effects that included sensitivity due to the nature of the teeth whitening gel or procedure.

Resources

American Dental Association
http://www.ada.org

American Dental Hygienists’ Association 
http://www.adha.org

How Stuff Works: Tooth Whitening
http://health.howstuffworks.com/tooth-whitening4.htm

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